The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and some big land masses as far south as Newfound-land. While they are rare north of 88?, there is evidence 1???? they range all the way across the Arctic, and as far south as James Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been 2???? (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that there are about 20,000—25,000 polar bears worldwide.
Modern methods 3???? tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive 4???? (perform) consistently over a large area. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut 5???? (report) increases in bear sightings around human settlements, leading to a 6???? (believe) that populations are increasing. Scientists have responded by 7???? (note) that;hungry bears may be congregating (聚集) around human settlements, leading to the illusion (错觉) that populations are 8???? (high) than they actually are. Of 9???? nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six 10???? (be) stable, one is increasing, and nine lack enough
3.of/for 考查介词。现代化的跟踪调查北极熊数量的方法在20世纪80年代中期就开始被采用。methods of/for doing sth.做某事的方法。
4.to perform 考查不定式。这些方法大面积持续使用起来,费用很高。sth. be+adj.+to do,其中不定式作状语,与sth.是动宾关系。
5.have reported 考查动词时态和主谓一致。最近几年,生活在Nunavut的一些因纽特人报告说他们在人类居住区周围看到北极熊的次数增加了。设空处是句子的谓语动词,根据时间状
语In recent years可知,时态为现在完成时,主语some Inuit people为复数形式,故填have reported。
;6.belief 考查名词。这些报告使人们相信北极熊的数量正在增长。设空处作leading to的宾语,且前面有不定冠词a修饰,故用所给动词的名词形式belief。
7.noting 考查非谓语动词。科学家们对此作出了回应,他们指出饥饿的北极熊可能正在人类的定居点附近聚集。设空处作介词by的宾语,故用v.-ing形式,即by doing