The Simple Present Tense一般现在时课堂.ppt 25页

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The Simple Present Tense一般现在时课堂.ppt

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    在英语中, 不同时间 发生的 动作或存在的状态要用 不同的动 词形式 来表现。 每种时态的概念、信息词、 结构、句式变化、以及某些时态 间的相互区别 重点掌握 时态 Tense 1 The Simple Present Tense 一般现在时态 2 The Simple Present Tense 一般现在时 ? 一般现在时表示经常发生或习惯性 的动作,或表示现在的特征或存在 的状态。 常与 always, often, usually, sometimes, every week, every day, every … , on Sunday, in the morning / afternoon / evening 等连用。 3 一般现在时 (The Simple Present Tense) 1. 表示现在的状态 : e.g. I am twelve. She is at work. They are tired. 2. 表经常或习惯性的动作 : e.g. I get up at 6:30 every day. He read s English every morning. 3. 表主语具备的性格和能力等 : e.g. She like s noodles. They speak French. 4. 普遍真理和自然规律 : e.g. Two plus four is six. The moon go es around the earth. 4 一 . be 动词的一般现在时的句式: ? 肯定句:主语 + be + 表语 (n., adj . 等 ) e.g. He is a worker. You are thirteen. They are in the classroom . ? 否定句:主语 + be + not + 表语 e.g. He is not a worker. You aren't thirteen. They aren't in the classroom . 5 ? 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + 表语 ? e.g. Is he a worker? Yes, he is./No, he isn't. Are you thirteen? Are they in the classroom? Yes, they are. No, they aren't . ? 特殊疑问句:疑问词 + be + 主 语 ? e.g. What is he? What color is that bird? How old are you? Where are they ? 6 二、当主语是非单数第三人称 时,谓语动词用动词原形。 ? 肯定句的结构 主语 + 谓语动词(原形) + 其他 I read English every morning. Sometimes I go to school at seven. We usually go to bed at nine in the evening. ? 否定句的结构 主语 + 助动词 don't + 动词原形 + 其他 They don't play football after school. I don't know his name. 7 ? 一般疑问句的结构 助动词 Do + 主语 + 动词原形 + 其他? Yes, 主语 + do. No, 主语 + don't 。 Do you speak English? Do you go to bed at nine every day? ---- Do you know Li Lei's phone number? ---- Yes, I do. / No, I don't. ? 特殊疑问句的结构 特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句? What do you have for breakfast every day? Where do you usually go on Sundays? 8 三、 主语为第三人称单数时 ? 肯定句的结构 主语 + 谓语动词 s, es (构成方法与名词复数基 本相同) His father works in our factory. My mother goes to school by bike every day. ? 否定句的结构 主语 + 助动词 doesn't+ 动词原形 + 其他 He doesn't work hard. She doesn't know the answer to the question. 9 ? 一般疑问句的结构 Does+

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