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[sci科研论文教学课件]如何写摘要和引言Abstract and Introduction.ppt 16页

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[sci科研论文教学课件]如何写摘要和引言Abstract and Introduction.ppt
* Sophia Frangou Institute of Psychiatry, London Editor, European Psychiatry Writing to get published Abstract and Introduction Before you start writing your manuscript you need to be clear about the following key issues what is the most important message of your paper who you are yours readers Specialist vs general readership which journal you plan to submit your paper Format, style and “spirit” of the journal Abstract A “miniature” version of the paper Focus on the key message Introduction How did this paper come about Sets the paper in the context of previous research Explains what you wanted to contribute to existing evidence Describes what your aims and predictions were Introduction The introduction is the “story” of how this paper came about Key elements Should provide the reader with all relevant information about what they need to know to place your study into its scientific context Outline clearly the problem you are seeking to address Explain explicitly the questions you are seeking to answer Introduction Inform the reader about what is already known and relevant to your paper Background Persuade the reader that there is an important problem to be addressed Problem State the important question the remains unanswered (which you are going to address) Question Response Explain how you addressed the question in your research Hypo theses State explicitly what your predictions were Introduction Background Describe the current situation (before you did the study) in a way that will engage the reader Include the most important and pertinent references which the reader expect you to include to show you are familiar with the field Include references to your own work in the field Summarise the relevant findings of previous studies in the fewest possible words You don't need to describe each study. Avoid being over-critical of previous studies (some of the authors will probably be your reviewers) Introduction The probl


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