英语简单句、并列句和复合句精讲精练.doc 13页

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英语简单句、并列句和复合句精讲精练.doc

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    一、简单句:1、主:e.g. He is a student. e.g. Tom and Mike are American boys.( 并列主语) 2、主:e.g. We work. e.g. Either he or I must go.( 并列主语) e.g. He can neither read nor write. (并列谓语) 3、主:e.g. Henry bought a dictionary. e.g. He finished lunch and went into the garden.(并列谓语) e.g. He teaches both English and French. 4、主双宾(间接宾语+直接宾语):e.g. My father bought me a car. e.g. My father not only bought me a car but gave my sister some gifts as well. (并列谓语) 5、主宾:e. g. Tom made the baby laugh. /He found his job boring. 二、并列句:由由两个并列而又独立的简单句构成。常并列连词(and, but, or等)或分号(;)e. g. You help him and he helps you. The future is bright; the road is tortuous. 详见新概念L25课。 三、复合句:由主句为句子的主体, 从句只用作句子的一个次要成分,不能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由词引导,并由词将从句和主句联系在一起。从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、同位语、定语从句和状语从句等。 判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句: 1. We often study Chinese history on Friday afternoon. 2. The boy who offered me his seat is called Tom. 3. There is a chair in this room, isn’t there? 4. My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back home at seven in the evening. 5. He is in Class One and I am in Class Two. 6. He was fond of drawing when he was yet a child. 7. Neither has he changed his mind, nor will he do so. 8. What he said at the meeting is very important, isn’t it? 9. The farmer is showing the boy how to plant a tree. 10. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music. ? 【模拟试题】 1. I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer, ____? w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. do I ???????? B. don’t I ???????????? C. will they ????????? D. won’t they 2. ____ help if you can, and our country will improve more quickly and better. A. Giving ????? B. Give ??????????????? C. Given ????????????? D. To give 3. —— Lucy, you wash the dishes, ____ ? ??? —— Morn, can’t Lily do it? It’s her turn to do it. A. don’t you ??????? B. can you ?????????? C. shall you ????????? D. will you 4. —— I will not take an umbrella with me today. ??? —— ____ it rains later on in the day? A. How ??????? B. What ?????????????? C. How about ?????????

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