四大发明英文版介绍.ppt

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China Ancient Four Inventions 中国四大发明 Magnetic It's It's Importance Good science Good science PAPERMAKING The oldest paper Fang matan Paper History By CAI lun in eastern han dynasty (105) of the first year of yuan xing papermaking, improved by CAI lun in the bark, hemp heads and our raw materials such as cloth, fishing nets, after falling, dao, copy paper, drying technology, manufacturing, is the origin of modern paper. This paper, the raw material is easy to find and very cheap, quality is also improved, gradually widely used. In honour of the feat, CAI lun later generations called this paper "Cai Hou paper" The design of the papermaking process Until the eastern han dynasty and emperor period, through improved by CAI lun, formed a set of relatively finalize the design of the papermaking process, the process can be roughly divided into four steps: The first is the separation of raw material, is to use the retting leaching or cooking methods for raw materials in alkali degumming, and scattered into fibrous; Second is beating, is to use the method of cutting and struck staple fiber, and make the fiber broom, and become the pulp; The third is the manufacture paper with pulp, namely make pulp water penetration into slurry, then used for paper pulp (woven bamboo mat) and get the pulp in paper to woven thin sheet of wet paper; The fourth is dry, namely the wet paper to dry or dry, peeling the became a paper. The design of the papermaking process The spread of papermaking Research shows that this technology spread to many countries even the world . First of all incoming and papermaking in China and Vietnam, followed by adjacent spread to Korea, Japan, is along the Tang Dynasty - Arab - the spread of this line in Europe. Moreover in many countries paper is used for money so this technology helps their economic thus it led a number of economic development. Effect

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