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Discrete Element Method Simulation of Cylinder-Shaped Particle Flow in a Gas-Solid Fluidized Bed.pdf 6页

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Discrete Element Method Simulation of Cylinder-Shaped Particle Flow in a Gas-Solid Fluidized Bed
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Research Article Discrete Element Method Simulation of Cylinder-Shaped Particle Flow in a Gas-Solid Fluidized Bed Discrete element method (DEM) simulation of the flow of cylinder-shaped parti- cles in a gas-solid fluidized bed has been carried out three-dimensionally. The gas and particle motions were modeled with the k-e turbulent model and DEM simu- lation, respectively. The cylinder-shaped particles were elongated by several spheres, which were described by a cylinder with hemi-spherical ends of the same radius. Drag-, contact- and gravitational forces acting on each individual particle were considered when establishing the mathematical models. Simulated flow pat- terns and pressure drops at different superficial gas velocities were in good agree- ment with the experimental results from a visual fluidized bed. In addition, some hydrodynamics of gas/cylinder-shaped particle flow, i.e., bed expansion ratio, par- ticle volume fraction, particle velocity and mean percentage of particle collisions, were obtained at various superficial gas velocities. Keywords: Cylinder-shaped particle, Discrete element method, Fluidized beds, Simulation Received: October 07, 2008; accepted: November 23, 2008 DOI: 10.1002/ceat.200800516 1 Introduction The discrete element method (DEM) has been successfully em- ployed in highly complex gas-solid flow systems, e.g., fluidized beds [1–6], spouted/spout-fluid beds [7–9], gas-solid injector [13], mixing [14–17]. However, most of the studies reported on DEM only consider spherical particles. In practice, almost all physical and chemical processes deal with non-spherical particles such as ellipsoidal particles, polyhedral particles, super-quadric particles, cylinder-shaped particles and tablet- shaped particles. Simulation of non-spherical particles by DEM is more chal- lenging than for spherical particles. Significant efforts have been carried out in developing and applying DEM simulation to non-spherical particles. Langston et al. [18] carr

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