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Context-Sensitive Binding by the Laminar Circuits of V1 and V2 Unified Model Perceptual Gro.pdf 37页

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Context-Sensitive Binding by the Laminar Circuits of V1 and V2 Unified Model Perceptual Gro
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Context-Sensitive Binding by the Laminar Circuits of V1 and V2: A Unified Model of Perceptual Grouping, Attention, and Orientation Contrast Rajeev D.S. Raizadaand Stephen Grossbergy Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems Boston University 677 Beacon Street Boston, MA 02215 Phone: 617-353-7858 or-7857 Fax: 617-353-7755 Email: rajeev@, steve@ Visual Cognition, forthcoming. Originally submitted: July 18, 2000. Revised: November 3, 2000 Technical Report CAS/CNS TR-2000-008 Keywords: visual cortex, attention, grouping, orientation contrast, cortical layers, V1, V2, feedback, neural network Supported in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Office of Naval Research (ONR N00014-95-1-0409), the National Science Foundation (NSF IRI 94-01659) and the Office of Naval Research (ONRN00014- 92-J-1309 and ONR N00014-95-1-0657). ySupported in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Office of Naval Research (ONR N00014-95-1-0409), the National Science Foundation (NSF IRI 97-20333) and the Office of Naval Research (ONRN00014- 95-1-0657). Abstract A detailed neural model is presented of how the laminar circuits of visual cortical areas V1 and V2 implement context-sensitive binding processes such as perceptual grouping and attention. The model proposes how specific laminar circuits allow the responses of visual cortical neurons to be determined not only by the stimuli within their classical receptive fields, but also to be strongly influenced by stimuli in the extra-classical surround. This context-sensitive visual processing can greatly enhance the analysis of visual scenes, especially those containing targets that are low con- trast, partially occluded, or crowded by distractors. We show how interactions of feedforward, feedback and horizontal circuitry can implement several types of contextual processing simultane- ously, using shared laminar circuits. In particular, we present computer simulations which suggest how top-down attent

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