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离子液体的合成以及对模拟燃料油的脱硫 毕业论文.doc 11页

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本科生毕业论文(设计) 题  目 离子液体的合成以及对模拟燃料油 的脱硫实验 目录 摘要··························································2 关键词························································2 Abstract······················································2 Key words·····················································2 引言··························································3 实验原理····················································4 1.1离子液体的合成原理······································4 1.2氧化萃取脱硫原理········································4 2.实验部分····················································4 2.1 实验仪器················································4 2.2 实验过程················································4 2.2.1离子液体的合成和纯化··································4 2.2.1.1溴带丁基吡啶中间体的合成及纯化······················4 2.2.1.2 1-丁基-3-甲基吡啶磷酸二丁酯的合成···················4 2.2.2 模拟油的制备··········································4 2.2.3 离子液体的脱硫········································5 结果与讨论··················································5 3.1 红外吸收光谱确认产物结构································5 3.2 脱硫率··················································6 3.2.1 初始模拟油含硫量······································6 3.2.2 脱硫后模拟油的含硫量··································7 4.结论························································7 致谢··························································8 参考文献······················································9 离子液体的合成以及对模拟燃料油的脱硫 摘要:通过溴化丁基吡啶和磷酸三丁酯一步反应合成离子液体。然后用乙醚萃取所合成的离子液体混合物,用旋转蒸发仪除去离子液体中的乙醚。用红外光谱分析了上述离子液体的结构。配制模拟油,用所合成的离子液体用于模拟燃料油的萃取实验,并在室温下用气相色谱测得脱硫率。 关键词:离子液体,萃取-氧化,模拟燃料油,脱硫 Ionic liquid synthesis and desulfurization of simulatedfuel oil Chemical Engeering and Technology Lixianfei Tutor name Nie Yi Abstract: through pyridine and tri-sodium phosphate reaction synthesis of methyl step of ionic liquids. Then with ether extract of synthesis of ionic liquid, with rotatin

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