语篇填空题答题技巧.ppt

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 关注高考动向 2014全国考纲重大变化 第一部分 听力 (不计入总分) 第二部分 阅读理解 第三部分 语言知识运用 第一节 完形填空 第二节 (约200词对话或短文) 10*1.5 灵活度增加 难度增加 区分度增加 新题型测试结果 对象:4省8校2375名高三学生 评分:采取客观评分法,拼写、大小写、词性错误都不给分。 难度:短文和对话两个语篇型语法填空题的难度分别为0.4255和0.4686。多词填空达到0.02。 区分度:多在0.5以上,难度跨度从0.81到0.02 。 时间:10分钟以内。 .语法填空题—空格设计 纯空格 有提示词 给出动词 给出其它实词 谓语动词时态、语态、数;非谓语动词3个形式;词类转换 名词,形容词,副词词类转换; 形容词、副词的比较级 或最高级 虚词为主:冠词,代词,介词,连词,助动词…(共6个左右) 实词为主(大约4个) 答题要求表述 全国考纲:阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 I 纯空格试题的解题技巧 技巧1:名词前面 若没有限定词(冠词,形容词性物主代词,不定代词),很可能是填限定词。 eg1. It is said that ______ short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty(920-1279)was very anxious to help _____ rice crop grow up quickly. his a eg2. I can send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and ____ gets there almost in a second. it 技巧2 :主句缺主语或宾语,填代词或名词(多考代词)。 技巧3 :介词 的使用要注意固定搭配和上下文语境提示。 eg3. … The little girl looked ______ at him with tears rolling from her eyes and said: “Daddy, it’s not empty. I blew kisses into it until it was all full.” The father was crushed. He fell ___ his knees and put his arms around his precious little girl. up on eg4. Whenever he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary虚构的 kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful child _________ had put it there. eg5. ….____________ old you are, it’s not too late to make your life more interesting. who 技巧4:复合句根据所缺成分填关系代词,关系副词或连词。 However eg6. …Two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso______ Candido Portinari, which are worth millions of dollars. eg7. … all I saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted me _______ almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of what life is all about. and 技巧5① :两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连接词,多数填连词(and,but, so…)。 and eg8. I wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the two days _____ I was to return to Guangzhou. before 技巧5 ② :若两句(一个主谓关系算一句)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,填并列连词或从属连词(引导名词性从句或状语从句。 eg9. He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ___

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