英语语调基本规则—培训课件.ppt

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A:Are you Mr.Blake? B:Yes?(↗) A:Ah,the secretary would like a word with you. 分析:在这个例子中,B用升调回答“Yes”,表示这是一个开放式的回答,相当于:“Yes. But why do you ask?”或是“Yes.But who want to know?”之意。这也就是说,B在回答A的问题的同时又向A提出了一个新问题,并要求A予以回答。 掌握了这一点之后,对于下面的对话所提问的问题,就不难回答了。 * M:How long shall we stay at the Grand Canyon? W:A day?(↗) Q:What does the woman mean? [A]We shall stay at the Grand Canyon for one day. [B]Shall we stay at the Grand Canyon for one day? [C]To stay at the Grand Canyon for one day is too short. [D]To stay at the Grand Canyon for one day is enough. KEY:(B) * 4.陈述句式一般读降调,用以陈述事实。若读升调,往往表示对所说事情的怀疑。如: * M:I started driving at 8:00 yesterday and arrived here at 5:30 this morning. W:You drove all night?(↗) Q:What does the woman mean? [A]Night driving can be dangerous. [B]You shouldn't have driven during the night. [C]Why don't you drive all night? [D]Did you really drive all night? 答案为D。 * 5.有些一般疑问句的句式读作降调,实际上表示感叹。如:Hasn't she grown!(↙)这句话实则表示:她长得多快! * M:Wasn't Sam's speech great!(↙) W:Are you serious? Q:What does the man say about Sam's speech? [A]Sam's speech wasn't great,was it? [B]Sam's speech was great,wasn't it? [C]Sam gave a serious speech. [D]Sam was not serious. 答案为B。 * 问句不表示疑问的另一种情况:当一方提出一个问题,而另一方用问句作为回答时,这个问句有时是不需要回答的,而实际上相当于陈述句,但别有意味。如: * A:Are you going to watch TV again? B:What else is there to do?(↗) B反问A一个问题“What else is there to do?”,意思是:(除了看电视)还有什么好干的呢? * M:Do you think Petty is qualified to do the job? W:If Petty is not,who is?(↗) Q:What does the woman mean?[A]Petty is not qualified for the job. [B]Nobody is qualified for the job. [C]Petty is well qualified for the job. [D]All except Petty are qualified for the job. KEY:(C) * 有些一般疑问句句式也不需要回答,其功能也相当于陈述句,但肯定结构表否定,否定结构表肯定,而且传递了说话人浓烈的情绪。如: * W:Haven't you got anything better to do?(↗) M:Ok,Mum ,I'll turn off the TV and begin to do my homework. 显然,妈妈的意思是责备儿子不应该看电视,而应该做比看电视更有益的事——也就是说,妈妈认为儿子有更好的事可做。而对话中,儿子当然也明白妈妈的意思,因此说要关掉电视,开始做功课。再如: * M:I've observed you for ten minutes.What have you been doing? W:Are you blind?(↗

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