循环球式变比转向器齿轮副设计与运动仿真研究.docx

循环球式变比转向器齿轮副设计与运动仿真研究.docx

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循环球式变传动比转向器齿轮副设计与运动仿真研究 摘要:转向器是汽车转向系统中一个重要的执行机构,采用变传动比设计 能够有效缓解转向过程中“轻"与“灵'’的矛盾。本文以循环球式变传动比转向器 为研究对象,提出了一种变传动比齿轮副的设计与分析方法。首先根据相关理 论设计一条变传动比曲线,并基于此条曲线,以包络原理为理论基础,以 CATlA软件为平台进行二次开发,模拟齿轮的范成加工过程,建立了变传动比 齿轮副的三维模型。然后利用有限元分析软件ANSYS WorkbenCh对变传动比 齿轮副的啮合过程进行模拟仿真,分析了变传动比齿轮副在不同负载情况下的 运动特性。研究结果表明:该方法能够精确地建立变传动比齿轮副的三维模型, 且能够有效地分析其运动特性,对变传动比转向器设计和优化具有重要意义。 关健词:变传动比:齿轮副;包络原理;范成加工:有限元仿真:运动特 性 Design and kinematic simulation of gear pair of recirculating ball type variable transmission ratio steering gear Abstract: The steering gear is an important actuator of the automobile steering system. The design of variable transmission ratio can eHectiveIy alleviate the contradiction between πportabilityπ and πsensitivityπ in the steering process. This paper regarded the recirculating ball type variable transmission ratio steering gear as the research object and presented a design and analytical method for variable transmission ratio gear pair. According to the related theory, a variable transmission ratio CUrVe was designed. Based on the CUrVe and envelope principle, using CATIA software as the platform for the secondary development, the 3D model of variable transmission ratio gear pair was established by simulating the process of generating cutting for the gear. Then, the numerical simulation of the meshing process of variable transmission ratio gear pair was carried out in finite element software ANSYS Workbench, and its kinematic characteristic under the varied load was analyzed. The results showed that the presented method is not only able to establish the accurate 3D model of variable transmission ratio gear pair, but also effective for analyzing the kinematic characteristic of the gear pair. This research has the great significance to the design and optimization of variable transmission ratio steering gear. Key words: variable transmission ratio; gear pair; envelope principle; generating cutting; finite element simulation; kinematic characteristic .前言 循环球式转向器是目前汽车上广泛使用的一种转向器,其中齿条齿扇

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