新版新概念英语第四册课文PDF.pdf

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Unit 1 Lesson 1 Finding fossil man 发现化石人 First listen and then answer the following question. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 Why are legends handed down by storytellers useful? We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write. But there are some parts of the word where even now people cannot write. The only way that they can preserve their history is to recount it as sagas -- legends handed down from one generation of another. These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did. Anthropologists wondered where the remote ancestors of the Polynesian peoples now living in the Pacific Islands came from. The sagas of these people explain that some of them came from Indonesia about 2,000 years ago. But the first people who were like ourselves lived so long ago that even their sagas, if they had any, are forgotten. So archaeologists have neither history nor legends to help them to find out where the first 'modern men' came from. Fortunately, however, ancient men made tools of stone, especially flint, because this is easier to shape than other kinds. They may also have used wood and skins, but these have rotted away. Stone does not decay, and so the tools of long ago have remained when even the bones of the men who made them have disappeared without trace. ROBIN PLACE Finding fossil man New words and expressions 生词和短语 fossil man (title) adj. 化石人 recount v. 叙述 saga n. 英雄故事 legen n. 传说,传奇 migration n. 迁移,移居 anthropologist n. 人类学家 archaeologist n. 考古学家 ancestor n. 祖先 Polynesian adj.波利尼西亚(中太平洋之一群岛)的 Indonesia n. 印度尼西亚 flint n. 燧石 rot n. 烂掉 参考译文 我们从书籍中可读到5,000 年前近东发生的事情,那里的人最早学会了写字。但直到现 在,世界上有些地方,人们还不会书写。 他们

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