氟代碳酸乙烯酯的合成.pdf

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氟代碳酸乙烯酯的合成论文

Abstract Fluoroethylene carbonate can be used as medicine and pesticide intermediates, mainly used for the additive of lithium ion battery, it can form a layer of the excellent performance of the SEI film to reduce the battery impedance, partial inhibition of electrolyte decomposition, it can significantly improve the specific capacity of battery and improve battery cycle stability, fluoroethylene carbonate also has the effect of flame retardant, thus improving the safety of the battery. At present the industrial production of fluoroethylene carbonate are aways use lluorine gas to proceed direct fluoride. Based on a certain percentage of F2 and inert gas mixture at a certain temperature directly fluorinated reaction with the ethylene carbonate. Because of the F2 can Further react with the fluoroethylene carbonate, generate more fluoride side product. Thus this method caused very great difficulty on control response, so the requirements of equipment and production technology are very high, and the fluoride toxicity on environmental pollution, excessive fluorine gas is a big environmental risks and the treatment is also difficult. In order to improve the yield and quality of product, reduce the environmental pollution and explore more economic process we optimized the synthesis process of the fluoroethylene carbonate:Firstly chloroethylene carbonate was prepared by chlorination of ethylene carbonate with sulfuryl chloride as chlorinating agent and azobisisobutyronitrile as an initiator,then chloroethylene carbonate reated with posassium fluoride which functioned as a fluorinating agent in a solution to give fluoroethylene carb

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