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硬石膏生产工艺对水化机理影响的试验研究 毕业论文.doc 50页

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摘 要 本课题对天然硬石膏的组成、结构和水化硬化性能进行分析,研究天然硬石膏的活性及4000~5000cm2/g50℃煅烧,硬石膏中的 CaSO4·2H2O 分解生成 β-CaSO4·1/2H2O,β-CaSO4·1/2H2O 具有很高的水化活性,它能够快速水化生成的 CaSO4·2H2O,对硬石膏的水化产生晶种诱导效应,使硬石膏在液相中 CaSO4·2H2O 晶体成核与生长速率加快。 单掺5%煅烧明矾后,3d水化率为60.37%,28d74.32%;通过粉磨、煅烧和掺加5%煅烧明矾复合,3d水化率64.02%,28d达到78.26%,比未经任何处理的天然硬石膏(3d水化率12.75%,28d水化率29.73%)早期水化率有了显著的提高。 关键词 天然硬石膏;粉磨;煅烧;激发剂;活性 Abstract The subject of natural anhydrite in composition, structure and hydration and hardening performance analysis of the activity of natural anhydrite and different excitation channels, focuses on the grinding activated, calcined double salt activator activation and three ways of anhydrite To stimulate activity, by measuring the hydration rate of anhydrite, standard consistency, setting time and strength of hardened water of different ways to stimulate the hardening characteristics were studied. Testing using SEM and XRD, technology, research the anhydrite gypsum hardened body of the crystal morphology and crystal structure of calcined anhydrite. Experimental results show that the activity of grinding is to improve the hydration of anhydrite effective means of grinding to make the structure of natural anhydrite in the destruction of dense, particle refinement, with the increase of water contact surface area, hydration increased. The longer the grinding time, energy consumption has increased along with, so the grinding time not too long. Anhydrite fineness control in the 4000 ~ 5000cm2 /g is appropriate. Under certain heat treatment, the hydration capacity of anhydrite has also been enhanced. Anhydrite after calcination, the lattice distortion and improve the surface free energy, but also improves the grindability test shows that, 150 ℃ calcined best. Calcined at 150 ℃, anhydrite CaSO4 ? 2H2O in the decomposed β-CaSO4 ? 1/2H2O, β-CaSO4 ? 1/2H2O high hydration activity, it can generate rapid hydration of CaSO4 ? 2H2O, the hard Gypsum seed production induced by the hydration effect, so that anhydrite CaSO4 ? 2H2O in liqui

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