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玉米杂草及防除.ppt 68页

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不同种植方式玉米田化学除草技术 翻耕玉米田 以土壤处理为主要措施。 乙草胺·莠去津、异丙草胺·莠去津、二甲戊灵·乙草胺等。 茎叶处理为辅助措施。 烟嘧磺隆、苯唑草酮+莠去津、硝磺草酮等在杂草2-4叶期茎叶喷雾处理。 后期补救。 克无踪行间定向喷雾处理。 不同种植方式玉米田化学除草技术 免耕玉米田 套种玉米田 烟嘧磺隆(+莠去津)、苯唑草酮+莠去津、烟嘧磺隆+硝磺草酮+莠去津等 贴茬玉米田 乙草胺·莠去津等+(百草枯或草甘膦) 烟嘧磺隆(+莠去津)、苯唑草酮+莠去津、烟嘧磺隆+硝磺草酮+莠去津等 后期克无踪行间定向喷雾处理进行补救。 影响药效的因素 土壤条件:土壤湿度、有机质含量、土地平整与否 施药方法:正确的用药量、喷雾技术、兑水量 气候条件:温度、湿度、光照、降雨 杂草状况:叶龄、株高、生长势 如何用好除草剂 了解除草剂特性,选用正确品种、用药量、优化用药环境 土壤处理剂:土地平整、土壤湿润、干旱条件下混土或浇水 茎叶处理剂:环境条件(叶龄、降雨、高温)药量准确、喷药均匀、药前摇均、防止漂移 二次稀释法 玉米田苗后除草剂主要剂型: 悬浮剂(油悬OF、水悬SC) 可湿性粉剂WP 水分散粒剂WDG Standard- Type标准型 Even-type等宽型 普通喷雾 等宽喷雾 小 结 谢谢! 请多提宝贵意见! * The flat fan nozzle has a lens-shaped or elliptical orifice. This produces a narrow lens-shaped pattern, with the highest spray deposit occurring immediately under the nozzle and the amounts of spray lessening towards the edges of the fan. This means the swaths must be overlapped to achieve an even deposit on the target, and hence are usually used in overlapping fashion on a spray boom. These nozzles are produced in a range of sizes and possible spray angles although the most commonly used spray angles are either 80° or 110°. The larger spray angle (110°) gives a wider swath but generally produces smaller droplets. Fan nozzles are most suitable for spraying flat surfaces such as soil when applying pre-emergence herbicides, to walls of buildings, for example, when spraying against insect disease vectors or stored product pests. A special type of flat fan nozzle is known as the 'even spray' nozzle. This is designed to give an even deposit across the swath to eliminate the need for overlapping swaths, and is best suited for a single nozzle on a knapsack lance when band or strip spraying. They are most commonly available only with an 80° spray angle. Most flat fans are designed to produce a specified throughput and spray angle at a spray pressure of 40 psi or 3 bar. However, also available are low pressure (LP) flat fan nozzles, which give the same flow rates and spray angles but at 15 psi

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