高一英语情态动词课件.ppt

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情态动词(一);情态动词有一定的意义,但没有人称和数的变化,不能独立使用,它和后面的动词构成谓语. 只作情态动词的  can/could, may/might,          ought to, must 可情态可实义的  need, dare/dared 可情态可助动词的 shall/should, will/would 相当于情态动词的 have to, used to ;Must , can/could, may/might 的用法;2.Must +be doing/do 表示对现在的动作进行肯定推测 ;3.Must +have done 表示对过去发生的事情作出的肯定判断;can, could 和be able to的用法;Although the soldier was badly wounded, he was able to tell what had happened.;can/could ; 在疑问句中 Could 比can 更有礼貌,在此不是can的过去式。 Can you wait a moment please? Liz, can you do me a favor? Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the station? I wonder if you could help me. (请求) ;2. can/could have done 对过去发生行为的可能性进行推测:;3. can/could have done “本可以,本来可能已经”用于肯定句中,表示对过去发生的事情做出的判断, ;他们可能还在等我们呢。;3.might/may have done,表示对过去发生的动作进行可能性推测, ;4)May 表示许可,表示允许别人做某事, 也可征求对方的许可。 May I open the door? We may keep the book for two weeks. 5) 用于祈使句,表示祝愿。 May you succeed! May you have a nice trip! ;Will /Would you do…? (表请求would 更委婉) 表意志,愿望,决心 would表过去反复发生得动作或某种倾向 “总是,总要” used to表过去常常(现在已没有这种习惯) “过去常常” used to 可于状态动词连用 would不可以 eg. He used to be a quiet boy. (  ) He would be a quiet boy. (   ) ; Shall/should;a. should 用于表达合理推断。 It is three o’clock, the football game should begin now. Mary took dancing lessons for years, she should be an excellent dancer. ;Young people should learn how to use computers. Every citizen ought to obey law. You ought not to go.;You should/ought to have told her the truth earlier. She shouldn’t have left without saying a word.;must 和have?to;I don’t like this TV set. We must buy a new one. There was no more bus. They had to walk home.;need /dare a. need 表需要和必须常用于否定句和疑问句,needn’t have done “本不必做…” b. dare 表敢,常用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中。 c. dare与need 用做实意动词时有时态,人称和数的变化,但dare用于否定句和疑问句时常接不带to的不定式,need后要接带to的不定式。 ; Complete the following sentences with proper modal verbs. 1) You’ve been worki

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