logo

您所在位置网站首页 > 海量文档  > 外语学习 > 商务英语

Property Rights, Externalities, And Environmental Problems必看课件资料.ppt 47页

本文档一共被下载: ,您可全文免费在线阅读后下载本文档。

  • 支付并下载
  • 收藏该文档
  • 百度一下本文档
  • 修改文档简介
全屏预览

下载提示

1.本站不保证该用户上传的文档完整性,不预览、不比对内容而直接下载产生的反悔问题本站不予受理。
2.该文档所得收入(下载+内容+预览三)归上传者、原创者。
3.登录后可充值,立即自动返金币,充值渠道很便利
6. Divergence of Social And Private Discount Rates One difference between private and social discount rates may stem from a difference in social and private risk premiums. 7. Government Failure Government failure (政府失灵)shares with market failure (市场失灵)the characteristic that improper incentives are the root of the problem. Special interest groups use the political process to engage in what has become known as rent seeking(寻租) . 7. Government Failure Rent seeking(寻租) is the use of resources in lobbying and other activities directed at securing protective legislation. Successful rent-seeking activity will increase the net benefits going to the special interest group, but it will also frequently lower net benefits to society as a whole. 7. Government Failure Why don’t the losers rise up to protect their interests? One main reason is voter ignorance. 7. Government Failure Rent seeking can take many forms: Producers can seek protection from competitive pressures brought by imports or can seek price floors to hold prices above their efficient levels. Consumer groups can seek price ceilings or special subsidies to transfer part of their costs to the general body of taxpayers. 8. The Pursuit of Efficiency 8.1 Private Resolution through Negotiation 8.2 The Courts: Property Rules and Liability Rules 8.3 Legislative and Executive Regulation 8.1 Private Resolution through Negotiation Private negotiation is the simplest means to restore efficiency when the number of affected parties is small, making negotiation feasible. 8.1 Private Resolution through Negotiation Discussion of individual negotiations raises two questions: Should the property right always belong to the party who gained or seized it first? How can environmental risks be handled when prior negotiation is clearly impractical? 8.2 The Courts: Property Rules and Liability Rules The court system can respond to environmental conflicts by imposing either property rules(产权原则) or liability rules(责任原则). Property rules (产权

发表评论

请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
用户名: 验证码: 点击我更换图片

“原创力文档”前称为“文档投稿赚钱网”,本站为“文档C2C交易模式”,即用户上传的文档直接卖给(下载)用户,本站只是中间服务平台,本站所有文档下载所得的收益归上传人(含作者)所有【成交的100%(原创)】。原创力文档是网络服务平台方,若您的权利被侵害,侵权客服QQ:3005833200 电话:19940600175 欢迎举报,上传者QQ群:784321556